Anger at mine camp bid

An international gold producer plans to build a new mining accommodation camp just 20km from the township of Leinster, angering community leaders in the northern Goldfields.

South African-based miner Gold Fields confirmed yesterday it was looking to build accommodation facilities at the 250,000 ounce a year Agnew Gold Mine, just 25 minutes from the small community of about 600 people, 370km north of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.

At the moment Gold Fields bases its 500-strong workforce, which is largely fly-in, fly-out, in Leinster, where the Kalgoorlie Minerunderstands it hosts workers in the towns BHP-owned accommodation camp and occupies about 30 houses.

Shire of Leonora chief executive Jim Epis lashed out at Gold Fields, saying the decision would wreck the Leinster community.

For a foreign company operating in Australia, this decision does not demonstrate that the company is a good corporate citizen, he said. In fact, their decision no matter how hard it might have been will do nothing except wreck a vibrant community at Leinster.

A spokesman for Gold Fields said a purpose-built camp would deliver local economic benefits during its construction phase and improve the health and wellbeing of its employees and contrac-tors by cutting down travel time.

He also defended the companys commitment to the community, saying it invested heavily around the Goldfields, including in Kambalda, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Laverton and Leonora, but that Leinster was distinct because its facilities were managed and maintained by BHPs Nickel West division.

Unlike these communities, it is important to recognise that Leinster is a closed mining town, housing BHP and other mining companies that have agreements with BHP such as Gold Fields employees and contractors, the spokesman said.

Planning for the new camp will continue over coming months and we will work through a number of factors, including the small number of our personnel and contractors who live in housing outside of the Nickel West camp.

The move comes against a backdrop of strong anti-FIFO sentiment from Goldfields councils.

Last year the peak body of the Goldfields councils, the Goldfields Voluntary Regional Organisation of Councils, adopted a policy that FIFO workforces for mines located within 60km of any Goldfields community should be integrated into those towns.

Founded in the late 1970s, Leinster has seen a revival in fortunes in recent years after BHP made the decision to reinvest in the town and its nearby mines in 2016 despite low nickel prices, pledging to keep them running until at least 2032.

https://thewest.com.au/news/goldfields/anger-at-mine-camp-bid-ng-b88812233z

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Host of Eagles put their hand up in Royals victory over Demons

East Perth continued their return to form with a convincing 37-point win against Perth at Lathlain Park on Saturday.

With veteran West Coast defender Will Schofield and former Eagle Sharrod Wellingham leading the way, the Royals eased off in the last quarter before crusing to a 21.10 (136) to 15.9 (99) victory.

Schofield was the linchpin of East Perths backline, improving his chances of an AFL recall in coming weeks.

Dominant through the midfield or when resting in attack, Wellingham finished with 25 possessions, four marks, four tackles and three goals.

West Coasts Fraser McInness, Jarrod Brander, Jack Petruccelle and Brayden Ainsworth were others to shine for the winners, tall utility player McInnes adding two goals to 14 disposals, 46 hit-outs and three inside 50s.

East Perth, coming off a bye in the previous round, were quick out of the blocks.

The Royals had the first three goals on the board inside nine minutes, dominating play across all lines against a sluggish Demons outfit.

McInnes good form continued.Camera IconMcInnes good form continued.Picture: Trevor CollensEagles squad members booted the first three goals, Matthew Allen, Petruccelle and McInnes hitting the scoreboard early.

Former St Kilda forward Spencer White kicked Perths opening goal soon after, looking to build on an excellent game with five goals in the Demons upset six-point win against premiers Peel at Bendigo Bank Stadium in the previous round.

When Cody Ninyette added another goal soon after the home team had reduced the margin to 10 points, Wellingham stretching that ascendancy to 16 minutes later with a left-foot snap from the top of the goal-square.

Consecutive goals to McInnes, Mal Karpany , Pat McGinnity and Will Maginness in time on helped the Royals to a commanding 39-point lead at the first change.

Both teams enjoyed periods of ascendancy in the second term, the Royals ahead by 46 points at half time after outscoring the Demons by four goals to three.

Draftee Oscar Allen returned to action as well.Camera IconDraftee Oscar Allen returned to action as well.Picture: Trevor CollensEast Perth were able to build on that lead in the third stanza, kicking seven of 11 goals to turn for home with a 65-point advantage.

The Demons rattled on six of eight goals in the final quarters. But it was a case of too little too late with the sting out of the contest.

EAST PERTH 8.6 12.7 19.10 21.10 (136)

PERTH 2.3 5.3 9.5 15.9 (99)

GOALS EAST PERTH: Pettruccelle 4; Wellingham 3, Blee, McInnes, Brander, M Allen 2; Hille, McGinnity, Maginness, Ameduri, Ainsworth, Karpany.

PERTH: Cary 3; Edmonds, Leggett 2; Byrne, White, Ninyette, Giobbi, Colledge, Eyres, Scotney, M Jones.

BEST EAST PERTH: Wellingham, Schofield, McInnes, Ameduri, Ainsworth, Petruccelle, Brander. PERTH: Leggett, C Jones, Eyres, Colledge, Giblett, Byrne.

INJURIES EAST PERTH: McInnes (cut head).

UMPIRES: R Shelton, A Martin, B Evans.

CROWD: 1400 (approx) at Lathlain Park.

https://thewest.com.au/sport/wafl/host-of-eagles-put-their-hand-up-in-royals-victory-over-demons-ng-b88813393z

Protesters spoken to by police at pro-marijuana 420 Picnic Perth in Fremantle

A pro-legalise marijuana picnic in Fremantle was soured today when police showed up and confiscated the drug from a number of protesters.

Police arrived at Pioneer Park on Phillimore St in Fremantle at 4:20pm, an iconic time long associated with smoking marijuana in the cannabis community.

Several boos could be heard from those attending the annual 420 Picnic Perth event as police took the details from those who were caught.

They werent really welcome here, theres no crime here, go and find the ice addicts and other drugs. Cannabis is not a crime one attendee said, who travelled from Mount Barker to support the event.

Labelled a hemp awareness day and organised by hempliberation.com, the picnics aim was to regulate, educate and medicate the use of the drug and included food stalls and live music.

The event follows the announcement of Greens leader, Richard Di Natale, this week who called on the government to legalise marijuana in a push to take it out of the hands of criminals and dealers.

https://thewest.com.au/news/wa/protesters-spoken-to-by-police-at-pro-marijuana-420-picnic-perth-in-fremantle-ng-b88813140z

Perth man Trent Gibbons and father Wayne to benefit from PBS listing of life-saving cancer medication Keytruda

A Perth father who was pleading with the Federal Government to pay for his sons life-saving cancer medication has received good news.

The drug has just been listed on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, dropping the price by hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Trent Gibbons was in desperate need of a revolutionary drug his father Wayne just couldn’t afford a potential life-saver after years of conventional treatment.

The 18-year-old had undergone chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant only to receive the heartbreaking news he had relapsed.

The new drug drug is called Keytruda, but with a price tag of more than $100,000 it was out of reach.

But the expensive treatment has been listed on the PBS.

An Australian Medical Association WA spokesman said it meant instead of a $200,000 course of treatment, the cost had gone down to the normal PBS price of $40 a script.

The immunotherapy based drug is most effective in Hodgkin Lymphoma patients who relapse, like Trent and the change is set to help more than 120 others.

So for people unlucky enough to have advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma who havent responded to other treatments, this new treatment is now available at a reasonable price, very good news, the spokesman said.

While there’s still a long road ahead, its given Trent and Wayne, and other families like them, new hope.

Concession patients will pay just $6.40 a script. The changes come into effect on May 1.

https://thewest.com.au/news/medicine/perth-man-trent-gibbons-and-father-wayne-to-benefit-from-pbs-listing-of-life-saving-cancer-medication-keytruda-ng-b88812124z

Jimmy Barnes returns to defend book title

Jimmy Barnes will have the chance to defend his title for Biography of the Year at the upcoming Australian Book Industry Award.

The rocker who won the title last year for his childhood memoir, Working Class Boy, has been nominated again in the same category for his follow-up, Working Class Man.

Barnesy, who performed at last year’s awards ceremony, faces tough competition in the category including Australian tennis player Jelena Dokic and burns survivor Turia Pitt.

The shortlist for the annual awards features heavy-hitters across the categories including Man Booker Prize winner Richard Flanagan for his novel First Person, up against fellow Booker Prize winner Peter Carey for A Long Way Home for Literary Fiction Book of the Year.

The children’s categories will also prove contentious with reigning Book of the Year for Younger Children champions Andy Griffiths and illustrator Terry Denton nominated again for their book The 91-Storey Treehouse.

They happen to be up against The Project host, Peter Helliar, for his popular children’s book Frankie Fish and the Sonic Suitcase.

I’m Australian Too by acclaimed children’s author Mem Fox is in the running for Children’s Picture Book of the Year against The Wrong Girl author Zoe Foster Blake for her cheekily titled, No One Likes a Fart.

Many other high-profile authors including Maggie Beer, Donna Hay, Richard Fidler, and John Safran have been named on the shortlist for the 18th ABIA Awards, which will take place at the ICC in Sydney on May 3.

ABIA SHORTLIST HIGHLIGHTS:

Biography Book of the Year

* Danger Music – Eddie Ayres (Allen & Unwin, Allen & Unwin)

* Tracker – Alexis Wright (Giramondo Publishing, Giramondo Publishing Company)

* Unbreakable – Jelena Dokic and Jess Halloran (Ebury Australia, Penguin Random House Australia)

* Unmasked – Turia Pitt (Ebury Australia, Penguin Random House Australia)

* Working Class Man – Jimmy Barnes (HarperCollins Publishers, HarperCollins Publishers)

General Fiction Book of the Year

* Force of Nature – Jane Harper (Macmillan Australia, Pan Macmillan Australia)

* The Dark Lake – Sarah Bailey (Allen & Unwin, Allen & Unwin)

* The Inaugural Meeting Of The Fairvale Ladies Book Club – Sophie Green (Hachette, Hachette Australia)

* The Secrets She Keeps – Michael Robotham (Hachette, Hachette Australia)

* The Trip of A Lifetime – Monica McInerney (Michael Joseph Australia, Penguin Random House Australia)

General Non-fiction Book of the Year

* Being 14 – Madonna King (Hachette, Hachette Australia)

* Depends What You Mean By Extremist – John Safran (Hamish Hamilton Australia, Penguin Random House Australia)

* First, We Make The Beast Beautiful – Sarah Wilson (Macmillan Australia, Pan Macmillan Australia)

* Saga Land – Richard Fidler and Kari Gislason (ABC Books, HarperCollins Publishers)

* The Trauma Cleaner: One Woman’s Extraordinary Life in Death, Decay & Disaster – Sarah Krasnostein (Text Publishing, Text Publishing)

https://thewest.com.au/entertainment/books/jimmy-barnes-returns-to-defend-book-title-ng-s-1851351

Aussie fashion rated on ethics: report

If Australian fashion brands were rated on ethics over style, less than 10 per cent would score an A or A+.

The 2018 Ethical Fashion Report has graded 114 apparel companies, revealing Australian brands have achieved a median C rating, closing the gap on their overseas counterparts (median score of B-) for transparency in global supply chains and workers’ rights.

The Baptist World Aid Australia annual report, published on Wednesday, comes a week before the fifth anniversary of the Rana Plaza factory collapse that killed more than 1100 people in Bangladesh in 2013 and sparked a push for change in safety standards across the industry.

Since the factory collapse, the fashion industry has made some headway in improving supply chain transparency, with 35 per cent of companies now publishing full direct supplier lists, according to the report.

In comparison, brands fared badly on tackling workers’ rights with only five per cent able to prove they were paying all their workers a living wage. A further 12 per cent showed they were paying some of their workers a living wage, while 70 per cent of the industry is yet to take significant action to improve worker wages, the report showed.

Out of the 61 Australian fashion brands listed, eight flunked with an F rating, including Bras N Things, Decjuba, Ally Fashion and Wish Designs.

On the top of the list, niche brands dominated with three A+ scores going to Etiko, Mighty Good Group and Outland Denim.

But some players within the fast fashion industry – which is synonymous with cheap labour and environmental pollution – have worked hard to improve their practices, and report card.

Baptist World Aid Advocacy Manager Gershon Nimbalker says a number of brands have been spurred to change, such as Cotton On, which scored an A on the report and topped the list for multinationals headquartered in Australia.

Other fast fashion brands such as Kmart, Jeanswest and Target all scored either a B or B+.

“When we first started the reports (2013), Aussies were well behind their international brands, but it was a wake up call for the industry,” Mr Nimbalker told AAP.

“We’ve seen them playing a pretty impressive game of catch up.

“Cotton On is one of the most iconic examples, they’ve worked closely with us to push themselves forward.”

Mr Nimbalker said consumers should vote with their wallet, checking the report for company scorecards.

“If their favourite brands aren’t doing enough, it’s a great opportunity to reach out to them.”

https://thewest.com.au/lifestyle/fashion/aussie-fashion-rated-on-ethics-report-ng-s-1850982

‘Shakespeare intended it be performed’: The key to helping children understand his texts

Updated April 08, 2018 14:03:00

A woman holds a skull Photo: Tawny Gleeson says she has so far never had the courage to introduce Shakespeare to her students. (ABC News: Nick Lowther)

Reading and understanding the language of Shakespeare is the stuff of nightmares for many school students facing English exams.

It is also a challenge for English teachers who struggle to encourage pupils to engage with the compulsory texts, especially if those students have low literacy skills.

Tawny Gleeson has been teaching English at Peak Hill Central School in Western NSW for three years.

But she has so far never had the courage to introduce Shakespeare to her students.

“I haven’t really wanted to introduce it in the junior years,” she said.

“We have to but I haven’t known how to approach it in a way that makes the kids actually want to do it.”

A woman and a group of school students Photo: Tawny Gleeson tries out a more hands-on approach in the classroom. (ABC News: Nick Lowther)

Ms Gleeson is taking part in a special mentorship program run by Australia’s national Shakespearean theatre company, Bell Shakespeare, which is arming teachers with new ways of approaching the Bard in the classroom.

Each year, 30 teachers from regional, rural and remote locations are selected to take part in the Bell Shakespeare program, which includes four days of professional learning in Sydney.

The intensive workshops get teachers to hurl Shakespearean insults at one another and a fast-paced “moved synopsis” of Romeo and Juliet that whips through the opening scenes, breaking down the plot and language.

Bell Shakespeare Associate Director James Evans said they were just some of the practical and innovative techniques teachers were encouraged to use to get students off the book and onto their feet.

“It’s a play, it’s not a novel. It needs to be taught differently than a novel. Shakespeare intended it to be read by actors and performed by actors.”

“What you sometimes find in school is that they’re still kind of reading through the whole play, sitting down, reading around the class and it becomes impenetrable and incomprehensible.”

Ms Gleeson’s school has about 130 students from K-12, and 75 per cent of the senior students come from an Indigenous background.

High unemployment and its rural location mean that disadvantage is having an impact on educational outcomes, with some junior students years behind expected literacy and numeracy levels by the time they get to high school.

“Language is power,” Ms Gleeson said.

A copy of Shakespeare's Macbeth Photo: The program aims to get students performing, rather than reading from the text. (ABC News: Antonette Collins)

“If these kids have access to all of the forms of language that everyone everywhere has then they’ve got a real chance to make a change in their worlds in the ways that they need to.”

Scott Fraser from Alice Springs said he jumped at the chance to learn from Shakespearean actors about how to enliven the plays for his students.

“The first thing they did was get us up on our feet engaging with the language, overcoming some of those barriers ourselves,” he said.

“They said ‘Okay, we’re going to put you in the students’ shoes today so that means getting up, confronting your own nervousness and getting straight in there'”.

He said the main point of the program was to get students moving and get the words “off the page putting it onto the stage”.

Emma Grant is a teacher at Wyalkatchem District High School, about 192km east of Perth in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia. The school only caters to 20 students in years 7 to 12.

“One of the challenges that we really have is that the students don’t have much confidence in themselves,” Ms Grant said.

“They see Shakespeare as something smart kids do.

“Shakespeare is part of our literary canon, but I think really for students it’s about having the confidence to tackle something which they think is beyond them.”

Speaking (not reading) the key to success

Mr Evans said the same techniques were used in juvenile detention centres with proven results.

“What we do with kids especially with low literacy is we don’t make them read,” he said.

“We will speak a line perhaps to a kid and get that child to speak that line back, and in fact we’ve been quite successful in creating whole scenes just through speaking to each other.

“What the teachers go back armed with is a series of exercises that are proven to work and often they become advocates within the school for a very different kind of education.”

A woman wearing a mask leans across people's arms Photo: The course encourages teachers to confront their nervousness and engage with the language. (ABC News: Antonette Collins)

On return to their school, teachers receive ongoing support from Bell Shakespeare artists and staff, as well as access to in-school and in-theatre programs where possible.

“It’s that web of connections between the teachers all around the country. Very often a teacher can feel very isolated in a country town,” Mr Evans said.

“In some cases we have teachers who are the only arts or humanities teacher in the whole school in one case we had a teacher who was the only teacher in the school so really it’s about exciting teachers about teaching this material and then sending them back to transform their communities.”

It is not only Peak Hill Central School that will benefit from the new skills Tawny Gleeson has gained from the mentorship scheme.

Peak Hill is one of six schools that make up the Western Access Program where teachers and resources are shared across the region.

Ms Gleeson teaches senior students from the various schools via video link which makes a more physical examination of Shakespeare’s texts an added challenge.

“The stories and the characters, they’re real and true today, and if I’ve got some better strategies in the classroom I think that will really help,” she said.

Topics:education,access-to-education,english-literature,sydney-2000,australia,alice-springs-0870,wyalkatchem-6485,dubbo-2830

First posted April 08, 2018 12:16:41

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-08/teachers-learn-more-hands-on-approach-to-shakespeare/9629540

By 2050 this vital species of mussel could be extinct

Updated April 07, 2018 14:34:43

WA mussel species in danger of extinctionVideo: WA mussel species in danger of extinction(ABC News) Related Story:
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Extinction looms for a West Australian species of freshwater mussel with researchers fearing it could be extinct within 30 years unless efforts are ramped up to save the waterways where it is found.

Audio:
Mussels could be extinct by 2050(ABC News)

Small populations of the Carter’s freshwater mussel can still be found in a diminishing number of waterways in the WA’s southwest, however a drying climate, rising salinity levels, population growth and pollution are putting pressure on the species which is described as “the lungs of WA’s waterways”.

Key pointsResearchers fear the Carter’s freshwater mussel could be gone within 30 yearsA drying climate, rising salinity levels, population growth and pollution are the biggest threatsFreshwater mussels are one of the most endangered groups of any animalsMussels play an important role in maintaining water quality

A 2015 study published in the Australian Journal of Zoology concluded the “range” of Carter’s freshwater mussel had declined by almost 50 per cent in 50 years while a secondary research study found populations had “disappeared completely” from 28 per cent of waterways where it had previously existed.

Murdoch University Associate Professor Alan Lymbery said there were “genuine concerns” the mussel would be extinct within 30 years if the downward trend continued.

“Where you do find them, you can see them in reasonably sized numbers so they don’t appear to be in trouble,” he said.

“However, 50 per cent of the populations that used to occur have now been lost and there’s no reason to think that rate of decline is decreasing, in fact we have recent evidence which shows it might be increasing.

“Taking that into account, we might think by 2050 this muscle could be extinct or certainly approaching extinction in the wild.”

Professor Lymbery said mussel populations in the south west were declining at a dramatic rate that was likely to have severe impacts on freshwater ecosystems.

“If we don’t do something about the decline of the mussel populations now it may be too late,” he said.

Professor Lymbery said the plight of the Carter’s freshwater mussel also mirrored that of other populations worldwide.

“Freshwater mussels are one of the most endangered groups of any animals or plants for that matter,” Professor Lymbery said.

“They are extremely vulnerable to extinction, they’re very slow to reproduce, they have a great mortality rate when they’re young so it’s very hard for mussel populations to reproduce themselves.”

The Carter's freshwater mussel Photo: Carter’s freshwater mussel are fed upon by local birds and water rats. (ABC Local: Anthony Pancia)

While the Carter’s freshwater mussel “doesn’t make for great eating,” Professor Lymbery said its role in the waterways was “drastically undervalued.”

“Freshwater mussels are known as a keystone species in that they filter an enormous amount of water as they feed, removing tiny particles like plankton, algae and microorganisms,” he said.

“If this species is lost from our rivers and streams, there is nothing else that will carry out the same function and that may have dramatic consequences for all freshwater life.

“During the summer and autumn months when many rivers stop flowing, freshwater organisms rely of refuge pools to survive.

“Mussels play an important role in maintaining water quality in these pools.”

Other Australian species already listed as Critically Endangered

Another Australian species, referred to as the Glenelg freshwater mussel is currently listed as Critically Endangered with studies concluding it was under threat from contamination of its habitat by “pesticide use, predation and habitat degradation by introduced Carp, bushfires and timber harvesting”.

The Glenelg freshwater mussel is said to be found in parts of the Crawford River, part of the larger Glenelg River in south-west Victoria, with as few as 1,000 left in existence.

Professor Lymbery said populations could be saved through the use of farming to create “insurance populations,” however it was not a method yet attempted in Australia and one fraught with difficulties due to the mussels’ particular breeding habits.

“It’s not easy because mussels have a pretty complex lifecycle,” Professor Lymbery said.

“The first stage of the mussel is actually a parasite on fish so you’ve got to do some pretty fancy things, but it’s been done, not in Australia but it’s been done quite a lot in the United States and quite a lot in Europe so the technology is there to breed mussels in the laboratory.

“Certainly achievable, just never been tried before in Australia.”

Public urged to take note

Local WA ecologist and Blackwood Basin Group chair Per Christiansen said “educating the public” on the plight of the species such as the Carter’s freshwater mussel was the first step in helping preserve it.

“The best friend of conservation is the public,” Mr Christensen said.

“If you can get the public onside, then they understand it, they’re prepared to put money into it and so on.

If the public doesn’t understand and they’re not interested, you’re never going to get any funding towards it it will go to all sorts of other things such as roads and railways.”

Mr Christensen said the were “sadly plenty of examples,” of seemingly “small, bit players,” in WA’s south west ecological make-up facing a similar fate.

“There’s a lot of wetland species that are going extinct, not only in the water but things like the Australasian Bittern that’s almost disappeared from the south west,” Mr Christensen said.

“These seemingly innocuous little creatures that you struggle to see in the cold light of day, all play a vital role in making-and keeping the environment so unique.”

Professor Lymbery with a Carter's freshwater mussel Photo: “”They’re not big, they haven’t got fur they’re not cute really but what that doesn’t reflect is how vital they are to the ecosystem,” Professor Lymbery examines a Carter’s freshwater mussel. (ABC Local: Anthony Pancia)

Similarly, Professor Lymbery said “it’s a struggle” to keep adequate attention cast on species such as the Carter’s freshwater mussel when stacked up against “bigger, brighter and prettier” species facing a similar plight.

“I mean, they’re not charismatic are they?” Professor Lymbery said,

He held a dead mussel on the bank of a small, rubbish-strewn waterway in the south west town of Dardanup.

“They’re not big, they haven’t got fur, they’re not cute really but what that doesn’t reflect is how vital they are to the ecosystem,” Professor Lymbery said.

“Really these things are essential to healthy freshwater ecosystems and that means life to a lot of creatures, including people.”

Topics:environment,endangered-and-protected-species,water-pollution,pollution,wa,dardanup-6236

First posted April 07, 2018 14:08:29

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-07/mussels-faces-extinction-all-the-same/9629372

Nazi bandanas pulled from sale in remote Kimberley shop

Posted April 06, 2018 07:49:37

A retailer in remote Western Australia says clothing emblazoned with Nazi imagery has been burned after it was mistakenly displayed in her store.

Several bandanas bearing the swastika with colouring used by the Nazi party were for sale for days at VA Fashions in Kununurra.

The store’s owner Alma Petherick who is a local government councillor said the worker who displayed the bandanas was unaware of their meaning.

She said the items had been in storage for two years after they were wrongly included in a delivery from one of their suppliers.

The ABC was sent a photo of a bandana while it was being displayed before the mistake was noticed and the items removed.

Peter Wertheim, co-CEO of the Executive Council of Australia Jewry, said the shop ultimately took the correct action.

“I want to commend the owner of the shop for doing the right thing once the significance of the symbol was realised,” he said.

Mr Wertheim said that although the swastika had been used by different groups and religions prior to World War II, the colouring and context was important.

“Since World War II the swastika, particularly portrayed in the same colours and the same emblem as the Nazis used, has become a very potent symbol of doctrines of racial superiority and hatred which have been condemned for decades by the entire world,” he said.

Lack of awareness of meaning

Mr Wertheim said not everyone in Australia was aware of the implications of the symbol.

“As you move further and further from the events of the Second World War, you have younger people who have no personal experience or knowledge of what went on in those terrible years,” he said.

“In Europe, where Nazism cost 60 million lives, it’s very well understood what this symbol means and how destructive its consequences can mean if left unchecked.

“It then becomes more important to have a strong system of education so that the lack of personal experience can be replaced with real knowledge.”

Lake Argyle, near Kununurra WA Photo: Kununurra attracts international tourists travelling between Western Australia and the Northern Territory. (ABC News)

The name of the supplier of the bandanas was not supplied, however several manufacturers on the internet deliver clothing with the Nazi symbol to Australia and it is not illegal in Australia to sell these products.

“I would have to know more about the manufacturer to understand what their intention was,” Mr Wertheim said.

“Some people think it is a symbol or decoration and don’t understand the history [and] it is important to point out to people what the facts are and explain the history.”

‘Not a reflection on Kununurra’s culture’

Kununurra, in the east Kimberley, is a popular stop for international travellers exploring the Top End.

President of the Shire of Wyndham-East Kimberley, David Menzel, said the incident did not reflect attitudes in the community.

“It’s totally, totally incorrect that something like that should be for sale, there is no place for that sort of thing,” he said.

“I suggest that this might be an unfortunate incident and action has been taken to remove the offending material.”

Footy in Kununurra Photo: Nazi sentiments are not known of in Kununurra say local police. (Supplied)

Although the incident involved a shire councillor, Mr Menzel said no further action would be taken.

“I haven’t spoken to the councillor, but I’m sure she’s got plenty of staff in there and it’s not always the owner of the business placing items on sale racks,” he said.

“I’m comfortable it’s no more than a mistake.”

Local police said they were not aware of any attitudes supporting Nazi sentiments in Kununurra.

Topics:community-and-society,history,religion-and-beliefs,judaism,kununurra-6743,wa,nt,germany

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-06/nazi-swastika-emblazoned-bandanas-pulled-from-sale-in-shop/9622374

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